Civil Rights Trip: Parks

Greyhound Bus Station Sign

Brian Parks ’18 — The today was a really interesting day. We took a walk through the downtowns of Jackson and Meridian downtowns. When we arrived in both cities the location seemed like a ghost town most likely because it was Thanksgiving Day.

We first started in Meridian and something I noticed that was really strange that they had a lot of horses made of stone throughout downtown. I assumed that the town really loved horses and were used abundantly in the past. However, I did research on the horse figures and I found they were used to promote community pride, spur tourism, instill an appreciation for art and to help the children that are orphans. I found this very fascinating about the city.

Trumpet Records

After the short trip in Meridian, we visited Jackson Mississippi which was very memorable. We first took a long walk throughout downtown and through a neighborhood. I quickly noticed how run down the city looked from an economic sense. Although it seemed like an underdeveloped environment we still saw monuments with a rich history. We walked by many music commemorations of Blues and learned the impact it had on the city. Some of these industries included Okey Records and Trumpet Records which are very prominent studios in during their respected times. After seeing the rich music history of Jackson our next stops were of very sad moments during the Civil Rights Movement.

We visited Jackson State University and Medgar Evers house where he was murdered. At both of these locations, you can see the sacrifices of people lives lead to the success of the Civil Rights Movements. This reminded me of the quote by Fredrick Douglas, “If there is no struggle, there is no progress.”

This made me appreciate all those who paved the way for all minorities and myself. There are no words that can do justice to give the men and women gratitude and respect they deserve and who gave their lives to people then and generations to come.

Civil Rights Trip: Swift

Henry Swift ’18 — Today we woke up in Anniston Alabama and went on a walking tour of the town. We followed the “Anniston Civil Rights Trail”, which included the former bus station that the Freedom Riders stopped at. The protestors got off the bus here and were beaten up by a mob, the same bus was firebombed leaving town. We made a quick stop there to see the site of the firebombing, and after that we left for Birmingham where we saw the 16th St. Baptist church and the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute. What stuck out to me the most from today was the difference between the white and black people that lived through the civil rights movement. We talked to a lady at our hotel this morning that was a local in Alabama. When we asked her about her experience during the sixties, she said that she did not really notice any change in her life, which struck me as a prime example of white privilege. I thought this because she was able to live through a time of monumental change and barely notice it. We later talked to a tour guide who met Dr. King and was active in the Birmingham Movement. He treasures his time with Dr. King and his involvement in Birmingham. It was heartwarming to see his eyes light up as he talked about his time with the famed reverend. Another site that really stuck with me was the Birmingham civil Rights Institute. The exhibit did an excellent job of showing the growth of Jim Crow from the 1960’s to present day. Part of the exhibit showed a white and a black classroom side by side, and I thought the contrast images was extremely important. The white classroom was modern and well appointed, whereas the black classroom was a one room cabin. The stark difference between the two was startling. That exhibit demonstrated again that segregated facilities were not and had never been ‘equal’. It showed that separate but equal was a myth and how bad the difference between white and black facilities was.


Civil Rights Road Trip: Derse’s Blog

Joshua Derse ’18 — As noted in the vlog with Adam, visiting the Civil Rights Museum in Memphis, Tennessee was a great capstone to the entire trip. The Museum did a fantastic job at telling the story of colored people’s struggle for equality and civil rights from the early days of slavery to the present day. What impacted me the most was how in depth and detailed the information the museum was when presented to you. Being in the political science part of the course and being a political science major, you do deal a lot with dates and timelines. Doing this can in a way dehumanize the events one is studying and it can cause one to barely scratch the surface as to the real meaning of the events of the Civil Rights Movement. One way that this trip has impacted me is that it has made me understand more the profound struggle of African Americans and others for equality and civil rights in America. Hearing their voices through recordings and having their struggles come to life through the artifacts and primary sources allowed me to view the Civil Rights Movement through a completely different lens. This dynamic and unique view certainly would not have been possible to have if the course and its experiences were solely confined to the Wabash campus.

The music aspect of this course cannot and never should be separated from this immersion experience. The music aspect of the course is invaluable. After this experience I have a whole new understanding for the African American music and even the genre of blues. Talking to Ms. Diane Harriss from Selma, one thing she touched on was how the music of the Civil Rights Movement helped keep her and others around her sane at times. Hearing this made me realize how intertwined the politics and the music of the movement were at the time and even still today. Ms. Harriss’ testimony showed how the music served as the backbone and source of identity for the black community during the Civil Rights Movement.

In Memphis, visiting the Loraine Motel was quite an experience. This was the motel that Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated at on April 4th, 1968. Standing in rooms 306 and 307 (King’s rooms) was just a surreal experience. Seeing those rooms in person made the events and the feelings associated with those evets all the more real. Standing in the motel there was definitely a somber feeling at all times. It was almost as if you could feel the mood in the air, the same mood of uneasiness and sadness that followed the death of King. In totality, visiting this museum gave an in-depth look into the complete history of the Civil Rights Movement. The important part was that at no time did I feel that the story the museum told was complete. This conveyed the message that the struggle for civil rights worldwide still goes on.

Civil Rights Trip: Ulery

Gage Ulery ’18 —During our stop in Memphis, Tennessee, the African American music class made a trip to the Rock’ n’ Soul Museum. This museum included an interactive audio tour that provided us with great information about the formation of blues, R&B, and rock’ n’ roll. Some of the information provided to us was talked thoroughly about in class with Professor Spencer. Before this class and the Memphis stop, I had no idea how important Memphis was to African American rights and music. Memphis radio station WDIA was the first station in the United States to have all African American DJs and was the most popular radio station along Beale Street. Imagine how much different would our radio stations be today if WDIA had not come along. Sam Phillips, the founder of Sun Records, would record any person playing any type of music as long as they were good. Dewey Phillips was one of the first white radio DJs to broadcast R&B music to an all-white audience. All of these influential factors played a much larger role in the Civil Rights Movement then I realized. After the music class finished up at the Rock’ n’ Soul Museum, some students walked to the Lorraine Motel, where Dr. Martin Luther King Jr was assassinated. This trip was powerful because it put everything we had learned about in previous classes and this class into reality. To think that less than 60 years ago, some groups of people were not treated fairly and killed puts into perspective how messed up our nation was. I am extremely grateful for this opportunity to learn more about our past and the Civil Rights Movement that changed the United States of American.

Civil Rights Trip: Amazing Experience with E. Vargas

Enrique Vargas ’19 — This Civil Rights Trip was a really amazing experience; a week that I will most likely never forget.

Even though we only left one week ago, I still feel like a completely changed person. Seeing these historical civil rights locations in the flesh really brought things to reality for me. One of the dangerous misconceptions that arises when you only have a history book as a reference, is that these events feel like they took place long ago. What this trip brought to reality for me is that the Civil Rights Movement did not take place one thousand or two thousand years ago. These events are in recent history; there are still people alive from that period to tell their story. We heard a lot of stories this week; and we visited a lot of different places.

The place that struck me the most was the Lorraine Motel, which we visited while we were in Memphis, Tennessee. This is the location where Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was killed on April 4th, 1968. I first read about King’s assassination, surprisingly, when I was in elementary school. I never thought in my entire life I would actually be able to visit this location. It is very prideful to see how King’s life goes on. Even though he was killed here, people have gone through greats efforts to ensure that he is not forgotten. The museum educated me on the complete history of the African American struggle. All the way from slavery, through the Civil Rights Movement, and continuing to this day. It showed me that there is still work to be done for equality, but to also be respectful for the activists who lived before me, and sacrificed their lives so I could live a better one. This is one of the aspects of the trip that will live with me forever; be kind and pay your respects to those that came before you.

I would not be in the right to ignore this next thing. As we were traveling along in the trip, I took notice of the high percentage of run-down neighborhoods we passed by, and how many homeless people we encountered on the side of the street. It just made me confront the fact that there is still a lot of work to be done in the U.S. about poverty. We like to ignore it, and say that it only happens in other countries, but not the U.S. I think people with this mindset need to go on a trip like this, so they can see firsthand that they are wrong. Something needs to change; I think it starts with us immersing ourselves and seeing that a change is needed.

Civil Road Trip: Memphis Presence of Music

Benjamin Cox ’20 — We spent our final night in Memphis, Tennessee. Out of every stop on the trip, Memphis offered the most opportunities to experience a strong presence of music. The city seemed to run on music, as if everything would stop if blues or rock was not to be heard in the streets. Upon arrival on the evening of the 24th, we were able to explore Memphis. A couple classmates and I ended up in Alfred’s, a restaurant on Beale Street. Given its location, live music accompanied dinner. We finished the night atop a parking garage, taking in the sights of neon lights and latenight activity.

On the morning of the 25th, the two classes separated. While the political science class went to a civil rights museum, the music course headed to the Rock & Soul Museum in downtown Memphis. There I was able to view the progression of blues and rock through listening to examples of the music across the eras. It was a rewarding experience to hear information that I had already learned in class, which heightened the museum experience, as I was able to more fully appreciate the exhibits and what the music really meant to the development of our current culture.

Given that the return trip awaited, we had limited time in Memphis following our trip to the museum. I used the couple hours I had to walk the streets. It was interesting the see the city during the day. The rougher edges of Memphis that had been masked by night were laid bare. Seeing abandoned buildings and apparent poverty was both saddening and valuable. It was sad given the vitality that Memphis once had. That being said, it was valuable because it represented reality. Without the ugliness and harshness of life one could not fully appreciate the blues genre. As we boarded the bus to return to Crawfordsville, I felt much more connected to both my course material and my Wabash brothers.

Civil Rights Trip: Eye Opening for Rowles

Outside Club Ebony

Luke Rowles ’19 — This experience has been eye-opening. I have seen things that I never thought I would get to see, I have visited places that I have always wanted to go, and I have developed a deeper appreciation for a multitude of things. Visiting these towns and seeing the unmistakable poverty is heartbreaking. Visiting these museums and learning about the racism and bigotry that existed is unnerving. Many times, I found myself shaking my head, wondering how anyone could let these things happen or think that it was okay. It’s comforting to know that we have made great strides, but we still have a long way to go.

I have greatly enjoyed learning about how music played an important role in making those strides. Today we drove from Jackson, Mississippi to Indianola, Mississippi moving up the Delta, passing open fields, many of which were used for cotton farming. As we rode, we listened to blues music. Much of the old blues music talked about the hardships that African Americans faced, including picking cotton during slavery, so it was emotional to pair the two together. We stopped at the B.B. King Museum, who is known as the “King of Blues” in music history. It was interesting and inspiring to see the impact that he had; his music brought blacks and whites together and he was a lovable ambassador to the power of the blues. After the museum, we got to see a live blues musician, which brought the experience to life even more. On one of our longer drives, we watched the movie Ray, which showed the impact Ray Charles had by refusing to play a segregated show.

Club Ebony

Wally On Wheels has been an invaluable opportunity. It is one thing to listen to the music of African American artists, but it is another thing to study it. Furthermore, it is one thing to study African American music in the classroom, but it is another thing to immerse yourself in its history by traveling the South in order to visit the sites associated with your teachings. With that, I would like to thank Wabash College, Professor Reed Spencer, Professor Shamira Gelbman, and anyone who helped make this immersion trip possible; it is something that I will never forget.

Wally on Wheels Immersion Trip by J. Raters

B.B. King’s Lucille

Justin Raters ’19 — Today, the Wally on Wheels Immersion Trip visited the BB King museum and Club Ebony, which was once one of the most prominent African American clubs in Mississippi. These stops further showed me two things: the importance of learning unfamiliar cultures, and the importance of preserving history. These lessons have been taught throughout my schooling, but I was able to experience them more personally when visiting these sites. I can say that these were lessons that were frequently in the back of my mind throughout the day today, as well as during the entire trip thus far.

Being from Crawfordsville, I have not had much experience with blues music or African American culture as a whole. I have heard blues music before and studied it some in class, but the BB King museum helped to bring the history of the genre and culture of blues to life. It taught me why blues music was so important in the lives of the artists and the emotions it filled the listeners with. To me, the blues has always just been another genre of music, but to African Americans, especially during the 1900s, it was much more than just music — it was a way to express themselves and overcome the many struggles that they were faced with on a daily basis.

While at Club Ebony, the DJ spent some time explaining to us the history of the club and why it was significant. What stood out to me the most was that one of the owners had renovated the building so that the original look of the interior was hidden. While to her it may have looked better, she covered up the history of the club—including posters, ceiling fixtures, and glass-blocked walls. When the museum gained control of the club, they discovered these things hidden away and brought them back to life. Through their leadership the club lives on through the people that continue to perform there like in its hay-day; history really does live on.