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Homan ’18 – Memphis Education Studies

Memphis Education Studies Trip

Mitchell Homan ’18 — This morning I walked through the doors of Kingsbury High School passing the pull out metal detectors and turned to walk down the empty hall students would fill in 15 minutes, to my classroom. I arrive and begin helping my host teacher Mr. Gong with the Kingsbury Garden. The 15 minutes pass quickly and we stand in the hall watching students as they pass through the metal detector and are wanded by a security guard. As the homeroom students shuffle into the class they sit down quietly and begin ignoring the announcements. As testing has continued for over THREE weeks, students had become familiar with the long list of make-ups test takers. This list included about half or more of the classroom leaving 7 students left in the classroom. While testing was taking place students were not allowed in the halls leaving the morning to homeroom classes. These classes were not the subjects that the teachers taught. This being so, no formal lesson was given this morning. So, the students were left to their own methods of distraction until lunch. This showed me how flexible teachers must be in order to follow the rules of standardized testing set by the state. It also showed me how far behind standardized testing has put students in terms of achieving their education (1 week and 3 days so far in Kingsbury). I hoping that Mr. Gong and I are able to pick up the education of minds tomorrow!

Lunch at Central BBQ

After the morning at school I joined the group at Central BBQ, a place known for their hot wings and nachos, so like a true Wabash Gentleman…I ordered both. The food was amazing and a great energy boost for the Civil Rights Museum and local tour with Memphian and Historian Jimmy Ogle. At the Civil Rights Museum, I experienced powerful emotions about the past of the United States. Learning about the Civil Rights Movements in my high school held much of the same information, it didn’t have the emotion that was held in the videos and audio logs. The past we held was dark and occurred not that long ago, and is still happening in parts of the US today. After the Civil Rights Museum self-guided tour, the group met with local Memphian Jimmy Ogle. Mr. Ogle has shown me not only the rich history that has been growing in Memphis, but also how similar Memphis is to the small towns we love in Indiana. As we walked down a street we were stopped several times by locals who knew Mr. Ogle and even were honked at by a FedEx driver who knew Mr. Ogle.

After the tour with Mr. Ogle, the group (along with Mr. Ogle) met several Wabash alumni present in Memphis for dinner at Belly Acres. Here we were able to catch up on experiences they remember from their time on Wabash’s campus. Professors they had on comps boards, connections they had with each other, and stories the alumni shared with the professors we students make stories with now. The sharing of experiences and stories between generations of Wabash men is one of the longest traditions still held at Wabash and I am glad to have been a part of that tradition tonight.


Eley ’19 – Memphis Education Experience

Memphis Education Studies Trip

Anthony Eley ’19 — My time so far in Memphis has been a fantastic educational experience. My two and a half days in the school has been enlightening in the sense that I have gained an abundance of knowledge about what it is like to teach within an urban setting and how important the community is to this education. My host teacher, Mr. Searle, has given me great insight on how to approach urban education and interact with students in the schools. One tip that Mr. Searle gave me was that humor can be a valuable tool. Kids enjoy having fun, especially when they go to a school that looks sub-par and is underfunded and understaffed. Using tools such as humor can be a simple tool to distract students from the poorer parts of the school and enjoy their educational experiences. Yet this is not always enough. His students are restless, not afraid to talk back, and live in a tough environment that can make the classroom a stressful and challenging place for urban educators. I think that is the concept that has been most reinforced in my time here in Memphis. The lives of these teachers are hard and stressful, and the setting they work in does not make that any better. Yet this does not deter them from their goal of education. They see past all the troubles they have to face, hard as that may be, to try and work with their students to give them a quality education and valuable life skill and experiences.

Memphis Zoo

The city itself has been an amazing experience up to this point. The food has been fantastic, but the places we have visited have been even better. I was able to go on a field trip to the zoo with my class and see this great attraction of the city. This zoo is one of three zoos in the United States that has a panda, and is overall an amazing place. It speaks to the improvements that are being made around the city and the addition and improvement of attractions that will better the lives of those living in the city. With projects such as the building of the Crosstown Commons space, a brand new complex in the city that transformed an abandoned processing center, into an apartment complex/business space which has revitalized that area and brought in new businesses. This trip has allowed me to experience a true southern, suburban setting, unlike anything I have ever gotten to before. It is challenging me to think about the dichotomies that exist in a city like this and how we as individuals and groups try to address this disparity. I think that Memphis is on the right path to address these issues, but more is still needed to solve the problem fully.


Kingsbury Middle School and Wabash College

Devin Atkins ’19 —To show our adherence to the Gentlemen’s rule we attempt to embody our mission statement “Wabash College educates men to think critically, act responsibly, lead effectively, and live humanely.” I bring this up because I was pleasantly shocked as I looked around Ms. Lang’s Kingsbury Middle School class room and saw her pursuit in inspiring those same attributes in her students at.

A few of the ways I saw each of the traits demonstrated include:

Think Critically

On one of her signs it reads “Thinkers respectfully listen, strategically create, and authentically inspire.” This helps promote thinking critically by asking them to take in as much information into their mind before blurting something out. It asks them to craft an argument rather than say a collection of words. Ms. Lang is holding all of her students to a high expectation and trying to foster growth in all of her students by not just wanting an answer but asking them to actually think through the questions posed to them.

Act Responsibly

Not only do we see signs all around Ms. Lang’s room reminding her students that they are responsible for their actions but she also enforces a strict regimen of accountability for words and for actions. She frequently will pull students aside to have a conversation with them about their actions and has them take responsibility for them. Then as a constant reminder on every desk she has the note Accountable Talk:

 

This sheet lists to all of her students the ways to craft meaningful conversations giving them a constant reminder that even their words have consequences.

Lead Effectively

During their group work they are asked to determine who gets supplies, their current completed work, and what they will work on next amongst themselves. To help promote better teammates she has signs “Be a team player!” and “Be you, Not them” telling them regardless of the behaviors of others they should be better. To further develop leadership and teamwork whenever there is a class decision she allows for the class to deliberate and give their final answers.

Live Humanely

If it wasn’t hard enough already to forge bonds between students with different personalities, compound that with the fact they are coming from completely different cultural values and expectations. This is one of the reasons why it is especially hard to promote living humanely in an urban environment. The plethora of contrasting cultures feeding into the school easily leads to disagreements among the students. To help combat these negative actions caused by their differences, Ms. Lang introduced “The Bully Free Zone!” This sign is one of the main demonstrations of living humanely. It not only discourages students from being disrespectful to their peers but promotes the positive differences between the students.

What really brought all of this home to me was a program called Teaching Dojo where in Ms. Lang could make her students aware in real time of their positive/negative behaviors that she saw in class through a visual message on the screen or an auditory noise over the speakers. Then she awards the class with different incentives such as a bag of chips or a pizza if they managed to have a certain percentage of positive to negative behaviors.

My first impressions of Memphis and my classroom experience were positive. I felt slightly at home because of all the connections I saw to Wabash. Although, I was really thrown a back by the amount of other languages that the students could speak and communicate in. This had been a bit worrisome at first because I thought that it might be harder to connect to the students that came from such a different background. Sure enough that was quickly overshadowed by the eagerness of the students to share their culture with me. After lunch it was also very clear that they had no problems getting to know each other either. They ended up having a Student versus Teacher basketball game. During which I saw the same enthusiasm as a Wabash sports game with students cheering on both sides.

Overall, I’m excited to see the students in Ms. Lang’s class again, learn more about them, and see if I can find even more connections to Wabash.


The Testing Problem

Classroom

Charles Frey ’19 — It is 7:25 on Monday and the morning announcements have been buzzing through the speakers for ten minutes. Students are still trickling into homeroom and pods of friends are chatting in the hallway. Although school starts at 7:15 officially, the students and teachers know school truly begins when the announcements end – around 7:30 daily. Once the voice on the other end stops, it is time to get to class. True to time, 7:30 rolls around, the announcements come to an end, and the stragglers enter Mr. H’s homeroom class.

At this point in the day, because this week is a “B” week, Mr. H would normally be teaching his “B Schedule” classes (Kingsbury is on a block schedule – 4 class periods a day, alternating “A” and “B” schedules by week), but this is the third week of standardized testing. Mr. H’s students head to their assigned locations for a standardized Biology test. In the afternoon, another test, this time in Chemistry. Mr. H, despite his title of “teacher,” is not teaching today. In fact, due to the testing schedule and mishaps of the TNReady exams, Mr. H hasn’t taught a full lesson for three weeks, with the last time he saw his A Schedule classes being about April 26 (he thinks it has been about eight days since he last saw them). Luckily on Tuesday he’ll be able to teach one of those classes after a morning test.

So, to compare my Wabash classroom experience to my Memphis classroom experience, it was exactly what I’ve read and nothing like I expected. In the news articles we’ve dissected (chalkbeat.org is a great resource for education news), I knew that our class would be observing urban education through the lens of testing. Not only are we visiting in the middle of testing, but we are in the middle of testing that should have been completed about a week and a half ago (April 27 was the originally planned last day of testing). Instead of observing urban education in action, I experienced the systemic issues that plague the national obsession with standardized tests.

All that being said, I did learn a lot from Mr. H. We talked about the importance of principals (the argument of “discipline distributor vs. morale manager”), the pedagogy of teaching any subject (every teacher is an English teacher, when you think about it), and the specific strategy he uses when he develops lessons for his English classes (Read. Think. Write). We also discussed how building a community is one crucial aspect of education that is often overlooked, and one that is brushed aside during testing time. At the end of the day, I remember that Mr. H had more “Good mornings” and “Good afternoons” from students than other teachers in the hall, and for me that is more important than any test score.




Civil Rights Trip: Discovering the Unknown

Patrick Jahnke ’18 — Today was different. On most days of this trip, we have travelled to different museums or churches and talked with tour guides and people in the area. However, since today was Thanksgiving, the museums were closed, and the tour guides were off with their families. So instead, today we walked around Meridian and Jackson, Mississippi looking at different Civil Rights Movement and Blues/music markers. These markers taught me that there is a lot that I do not know.

As a black studies minor, I have spent the last two or so years mostly studying African American culture and history. There are subjects that I have learned over and over again and some that I learned for the first time, but I’ve tended to think that after two years, I knew a lot of the history. Today showed me that I was wrong. So much of African American history, especially the musical aspects of the history and the importance of music in the culture, is still foreign to me. No matter how much I continue to learn, there will always be more for me to discover.

I think that this shows the importance of the markers being up. Most of them that we have seen were installed within the last couple of years, which was surprising to most of us, but does make a little sense. Everyone learns about the Civil Rights Movement in schools, but the American education system seems to only teach the parts of the Movement that they want to show. We learn about Martin Luther King Jr and the importance of non-violence, but leave out other important leaders, such as Malcolm X. We learn about protests such as boycotts, sit-ins, and the Freedom Riders. But we don’t hear about the repercussions of those protests, such as the Freedom Riders being attacked multiple times and churches being bombed. These markers not only tell people that these things happened, but show them exactly where they happened. History, no matter how much a country wants to forget it, needs to never be forgotten. These markers are important because they teach people walking around about events that they have never heard about. These markers are important because they help people discover the unknown.


Civil Rights Trip: Shadwick

Elijah Shadwick ’20 — As we continued our journey through the Deep South into Thanksgiving Day, I was able to reflect on the economic aspect of the Civil Rights Movement and the effect it had on these small towns throughout our trip. Today, we stopped in Meridian, Mississippi and spent a half hour exploring the Civil Rights Trail present there. As one of my colleagues pointed out, Meridian was a “ghost town”, void of the city life present in some of our other visits like Birmingham and Montgomery. It seemed to me that many of the smaller towns we visited had, at one point, been extremely popular for their historical significance and the citizens of these towns used this popularity for self-profit. After Meridian, we left and visited Jackson, Mississippi where we walked through an area seemingly devoid of the vibrancy and life so evidently present in the 1960’s. This may be because it was Thanksgiving Day, but I doubt that the turnout was any different on any other day. This was a disappointment to me mainly because if we do not pay attention to history, it is destined to repeat itself. By leaving important artifacts and sites in dilapidated conditions we are allowing a terrible past to fade away, and this realization scares because although this trip has been informative and educational, I know that much blood was shed on the original trek and I do not wish for those sacrifices to be for nothing.


Civil Rights Trip: Frey

“Wandering between two worlds, one dead, / The other powerless to be born, / With nowhere yet to rest my head…”-Stanzas From the Grande Chartreuse, Matthew Arnold

Charles Frey ’19 — Walls are decaying and caved in. Windows are busted out, shards of jagged glass cover the sidewalk, and the bars in front of what used to be a door are locked tight. The words “No Trespassing” is seen on the side of the building, next to some green graffiti.

Walk two blocks toward the square. A grassy field in front of a law building. Bright white, tall, and imposing. Surrounding it on all sides are equally impressive buildings. On the other side of the street are brick businesses, closed for the holiday.

These were the two sides of Meridian, Mississippi I saw while following the town’s Civil Rights Trail. Both formed an emotion I’ve felt elsewhere along the journey south. It’s a feeling hard to put my finger on, but one I can only describe as “time-locked.” I don’t want to say regressive because to be regressive would imply falling back. I can’t say progressive because, while there are many signs of moving forward, historic sites are fading into obscurity.

Meridian is time-locked, unsure of how to move forward yet determined to extinguish its past. Yes, information plaques mark sites with facts about people, dates, and events, but the locations in which these events happened are disappearing. And Meridian isn’t the only place.

In Selma, Alabama we walked from the Brown Chapel A.M.E Church to the Edmund Pettus Bridge, and along the way I witnessed similar scenes of poverty combined with progress. An informational kiosk about Civil Rights leaders had been vandalized and just recently was replaced. Even with the new replacement, the informational canvas was already beginning to fray.

In Anniston, Alabama we walked a different Civil Rights Trail, one that held a focus on the Freedom Riders. While interacting with local security in the courthouse, we asked for directions to the nearest plaque, to which the white security guard paused and asked his partner, “Those information things we got last year?”

In Monteagle, Tennessee our bus stopped briefly at the site where the Highlander Folk School stood—a location that trained many of the Civil Rights Movement’s prolific leaders such as Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr., and members of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Because of the school’s involvement with the CRM, it closed its doors and moved to Knoxville in 1961. It’s original site? An abandoned shell of a building surrounded by rural homes.

Over the years, there hasn’t been enough action taken to maintain these historic sites. Despite the passing of the Civil Rights Act in 1964, attitudes in the South have hardly changed regarding the preservation of African American heritage. Yes, the nation has propelled past segregation, but ignorance has halted the progress of select southern towns—progress that should have happened 50 years ago.


Civil Rights Trip: Parks

Greyhound Bus Station Sign

Brian Parks ’18 — The today was a really interesting day. We took a walk through the downtowns of Jackson and Meridian downtowns. When we arrived in both cities the location seemed like a ghost town most likely because it was Thanksgiving Day.

We first started in Meridian and something I noticed that was really strange that they had a lot of horses made of stone throughout downtown. I assumed that the town really loved horses and were used abundantly in the past. However, I did research on the horse figures and I found they were used to promote community pride, spur tourism, instill an appreciation for art and to help the children that are orphans. I found this very fascinating about the city.

Trumpet Records

After the short trip in Meridian, we visited Jackson Mississippi which was very memorable. We first took a long walk throughout downtown and through a neighborhood. I quickly noticed how run down the city looked from an economic sense. Although it seemed like an underdeveloped environment we still saw monuments with a rich history. We walked by many music commemorations of Blues and learned the impact it had on the city. Some of these industries included Okey Records and Trumpet Records which are very prominent studios in during their respected times. After seeing the rich music history of Jackson our next stops were of very sad moments during the Civil Rights Movement.

We visited Jackson State University and Medgar Evers house where he was murdered. At both of these locations, you can see the sacrifices of people lives lead to the success of the Civil Rights Movements. This reminded me of the quote by Fredrick Douglas, “If there is no struggle, there is no progress.”

This made me appreciate all those who paved the way for all minorities and myself. There are no words that can do justice to give the men and women gratitude and respect they deserve and who gave their lives to people then and generations to come.



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