This image is a portion of the centerfold from the 1962 yearbook. I zoomed in and then cropped the image to show the many changes to this portion of the campus.

In this image: The Library is still new and does not have the expanded footprint we know today. The MXI has yet to be founded and the mall has not yet achieved its current configuration. Yandes (now Detchon) is still facing the Arboretum and about half the size of today’s building. The Betas have commenced construction of their “new” house. The Delts are still across the street in their old house. Hovey Cottage and Forest Hall have yet to arrive at their current location, near the Caleb Mills House. I love to look at pictures like this of campus over time. A great deal has changed since 1962.

A great deal is also the same. Students still rush to class straight out of bed. The Library, now approaching its 50th anniversary, is still a central hub of the campus. The Campus Center, now Sparks Center, is still the scene of faculty roundtables at the Scarlet Inn. Students still grouse about the food served in the Great Hall and study like crazy. It seems that there is a thread that runs through this place that is pure Wabash and never changes. Byron Trippet used to refer to the life of the college as a tapestry. That is just about the best way to describe this place of many parts, constantly changing and yet still the same.

A beautifully woven, yet never finished, tapestry.

Beth Swift

Wabash men and Lincoln

So often the greatest stories come from alumni who contact me. This is a perfect example of such a contact and what a story! Alumnus Art Howe [W1982] sent this information in an email about the many close connections between Wabash men and Abraham Lincoln…


John Charles Black [W1862]

Lincoln was close to two Wabash men — John Charles Black ’62 and William Perkins Black ’64 — who quit the College at the start of the war to join the army.  Lincoln was friends with their stepfather, Dr. William Fithian, whom Lincoln had represented in legal matters.  While riding the legal circuit, Lincoln often stayed at Dr. Fithian’s home in Danville, Illinois, about 40 miles west of Wabash College.

William Perkins Black [W1864] taken in later life.

In December 1862, John and William were seriously wounded at the Battle of Pea Ridge in Arkansas.  In his Recollections of Abraham Lincoln, Ward Lamon wrote that: I shall never forget the scene, when I took to Mr. Lincoln a letter written by Dr. Fithian to me, describing the condition of the “Black boys,” and expressing his fears that they could not live. Mr. Lincoln read it, and broke into tears.  “Here, now,” he cried, “are these dear, brave boys killed in this cursed war!  My God, my God!  It is too bad!  They worked hard to earn money enough to educate themselves, and this is the end!  I loved them as if they were my own!”

Lincoln wrote Major-General Curtis in Saint Louis that: “If my friend Dr. William Fithian, of Danville, Ill., should call on you, please give him such facilities as you consistently can about recovering the remains of a step-son and matters connected therewith.”

Fortunately the brothers, cared for by their stepfather, survived their wounds.  John and William were each awarded the Medal of Honor, becoming the first of only five pairs of brothers in our nation’s history to have earned the honor.  After the war, John served as U.S. Attorney in Chicago, was elected to Congress and chaired the U.S. Civil Service Commission.  His brother William, who also became a lawyer, defended the Haymarket martyrs at their trial.  …………………………………………………………….

Isn’t that a great story? A little research here in the Archives shows that the Blacks were original members of the College Cadets. Like so many of their fellow students, on the day that Ft. Sumter was attacked, both brothers joined Lew Wallace’s company. The Blacks were 90 day men who served their terms then returned to Danville and recruited Company “K” of the 37th Illinois Infantry.  It was at the head of this Illinois company that the brothers were wounded.

John ended the war as a Brevet Brigadier General and lived a long and productive life. Both brothers maintained very close connections with Wabash throughout their lives. John’s grandson, John Black Vrooman, even attended Wabash, graduating in 1921.


While both men rose to great heights professionally, I still tend to think of them as one of the group of earnest young men pictured out in the Arboretum practicing their drill routines and perfecting their form, while all around them the war clouds are gathering.

Beth Swift


When Marilyn Smith of Advancement read this posting, she sent along this additional information, “John Black Vrooman attended Commencement every year, arriving about five days early because he wanted to be the first to sign the alumni registration book.  He took the bus from St. Louis to get here, and sat around the campus every day enjoying the campus and people. During his visit, he took the “Lovelies of Possum Hall” (The Lovelies were Jo Davidson, Guyanna Spurway, Carolyn Harshbarger, Karen Handley, and other women who worked in  ‘Possum Hall’ — his name for Forrest Hall and Kane House). Visiting Wabash was the highlight of his year.”

The story continues with this quote from one of the “Lovelies” Guyanna Spurway, “We went to the Redwood for lunch and he paid every year.  He was so sweet and loved us making over him.”
Here is a photo of Vrooman and his lady friends…He wrote them often and signed his name as “Uncle John”.

John Black Vrooman on a return to campus.

In a December 1976 interview as Vrooman retired from his post as the longtime Editor of the magazine of the Philalethes Society, a publication for Freemasons, he said this of his returns to campus, “Every year starting with 1962 I have gone back to my college reunion in Crawfordsville and I’ve always been the first to sign the guest book.” His love for Old Wabash never wavered, “I find more relaxation at Wabash than anywhere else in the world, and when I come back, to get rid of the cobwebs and just rest in the peaceful atmosphere it is [a] real tonic.”

John Black Vrooman died in 1985, but his presence is still felt on campus as each year as Wabash awards a named endowed scholarship, The Black-Vrooman Scholarship, established in 1987 by Mrs. M. Lewis Marsh, Jr., in memory of her grandfather (John Charles Black, Class of 1862), her great uncle, (William Perkins Black, Class of 1864), and her cousin (John Black Vrooman, Class of 1921).

Lincoln in the Library

With 2009 as the Bicentennial of Abraham Lincoln, it seems that everywhere we turn there is another Lincoln event! Not to let a chance to highlight our collection slip by, we are hosting an exhibit entitled, “Lincoln in the Library”. This display features some items from collections in the Lilly Library and in the Special Collections of the Archives.

Among the great things that we have are this illustration by Walter Goater. It says on the back that Goater knew Lincoln. A little research shows that Goater was an illustrator of that era and was from Illinois. His work appeared in Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, a popular periodical. Several of his sketches were printed in the Volunteer Soldier of America a book by General John A. Logan. The image is so stunning that we have used it for all of our posters.

We also have a book by Ward Lamon, Lincoln’s good friend and bodyguard which offers rich detail on Lincoln’s life and work.

We have a report from the Pinkertons about Lincoln’s trip to Washington and the threats to the President’s life. Pinkerton, best known for his famous detective agency, during the war worked for the government as a special “secret service”. His work was to catch counterfeiters and protect the president. Just what our modern Secret Service does today.

A book by Elizabeth Keckley is a real treasure and one of my favorites. Keckley was a black seamstress with a substantial D.C. clientele. She had worked very closely with Mrs. Jefferson Davis before that lady left to become the First Lady of the Confederacy. Keckley created Mary Todd Lincoln’s inaugural gown and, based on that excellent work, became Mrs. Lincoln’s friend, constant companion and dressmaker. This memoir was written shortly after the Civil War and intended as a defense of Mrs. Lincoln who was under intense, and mostly negative, scrutiny at that time. The book was reviled and it is said that Robert Todd Lincoln had it pulled and all available copies destroyed.

Another book of interest is a facsimile of “Lincoln’s Own Book”. It is a very small memo type of book into which Lincoln himself pasted copies of all of his speeches. It was for the use of a friend who was working on his campaign so that he might get Lincoln’s very carefully chosen words just right. We also have booklets that were created for the presidential campaigns of 1860 and 1864.

Most of what is on display comes from the Howell Collection of Lincolniana. This display is the culmination of several weeks of work here in the Archives. Ginny Maharry and I have really had quite an immersion experience and never even left home!

To see more of what we have planned for this celebration…visit the Lilly Library home page here…

Captain Blinn

John J. Blinn was a Terre Haute boy of 16 when he arrived at Wabash to attend the Preparatory School in 1856. Student life at that time was fairly straightforward and consisted of lectures, recitations and studies. The spice was added by the two Literary Societies which held frequent intramural debates, John was a Lyceum man. There were, at that time, no organized athletics at Wabash. A pastime gaining in popularity across the country was the pursuit of the perfect drill team. Not far in time from the Mexican War, America was still in a military mindset and veterans were often prominent citizens. Locally, Lew Wallace was well known and had served in the Mexican War. Wallace put together a group known as the Montgomery Guards. Blinn learned the maneuvers from Wallace and formed the College Cadets.

John Blinn was a sharp, smart fellow and well liked by both his professors and his fellow students. He was a leader on campus and was elected the Captain of the new Cadets. This student group was evidently quite focused on their drills and Blinn was a good captain. The Cadets performed well wherever they marched and all who knew him liked him.

Blinn suffered some health problems and was advised to leave college for a bit and get some rest. While he was gone Ft. Sumter was fired upon and President Lincoln called for troops. Most of the Cadets enlisted immediately, a number of them with Lew Wallace’s 11th Indiana unit. Blinn was at an isolated farm, far from a telegraph office and did not get the news until a few days had passed. He returned to Terre Haute, bid his mother farewell and enlisted in the army. Because of the delay, Wallace’s group was full and Blinn joined the 14th Indiana, serving under Major William Harrow. That he served well and bravely as is evidenced by an unsolicited letter from his former commanders noting their esteem for him “as an officer and a gentleman, a true soldier, ever faithful and efficient.”

John was in many battles, including Antietam where in September of 1862 there were 23,000 soldiers listed as killed, missing or wounded in one day’s battle. He wrote a letter to his sister the night before this fateful encounter, “On the eve of a great battle I have sat down upon the ground, and with my saddle for a table to write a few words to the loved ones at home….” Blinn was wounded in the face and, as he wrote to his sister after the battle, was “sickened at heart” by his unit’s losses. He secured a medical discharge in October and returned to Wabash for the start of the Winter Term in January of 1863.

He was a student again, and Wabash welcomed him back with open arms. He would not stay for long as this letter from his mother to President Tuttle many years later tells us, “General Harrow wanted him on his staff & the country still needed soldiers so he enlisted the service as Assistant Adjutant General to Harrow in April 63.”

When the Army of the Potomac met Robert E. Lee’s troops at Gettysburg, Blinn was there. In this battle there were 51,000 men listed as killed, wounded or missing. John was shot in the thigh on July 3rd and wrote to his family from the Battlefield Hospital on the 4th –

“My dear Mother Brother & Sisters – Your soldier boy is wounded. But we whipped the enemy & the old flag is again victorious, glorious. My wound is a very serious one & I fear amputation may be necessary. I may die but – Mother! God give you strength & grace to bear the affliction.

My country called, I came to die upon her altar. God bless you & keep you. I can write no more.

Your Affectionate Son & Brother – John P. Blinn”

His mother left immediately for Gettysburg, but found it rough going as so many railroads and bridges had been destroyed by the Confederate troops. She arrived on July 10th and stayed with her son in his hospital tent until he died on the 13th.

He was greatly mourned on campus and also in his hometown where the Terre Haute Daily Express offered these words, “Thou art gone from our midst gallant Blinn & the world seems drearier than before.” He was 22 years old.

I would like to add that Martha Brogan, a member of the Blinn family, has added to John’s story and, as a result of her work, I was able to paint a clearer picture of this intense young man and his service in the Civil War. I am delighted to have her additions to add to his file. Martha’s story of discovery is a real case study in family history research. If you would like to read more about Martha’s work in her family history, here is the citation to her writing: “Family Values:  Lessons in Material Culture,” Common-place. vol. 5, no. 3, Available online at:

Beth Swift
Wabash College

College cadets

This is taken from the 1857 lithograph of the College. A very large copy of the picture hangs in Center Hall.

College Cadets

This post is about our College Cadets which were formed in the late 1850’s, partly as a physical activity for students. At that time on campus, there were no organized athletics, the College Cadets competed with other drill companies including Lew Wallace’s Montgomery Guards.

The men bought their own uniforms, at a cost of $20.00. With assistance from Lew Wallace, the government provided rifles for drilling. Of the thirty-six cadets who enrolled in the Union army, sixteen did so on the day war was declared. Eighteen former cadets became officers, one a brigadier general, two colonels, nine captains and six lieutenants. The officers of the College Cadets were

John J. P. Blinn, Capt.

Ozro J. Dodds 1st Lieut.

John F. Caven, 2nd Lieut.

M.M. Milford 3rd Lieut.

This Cadet Roll is an original listing of the Cadets and the marks across it note the attendance, or absence, of the members.

From a letter by former Cadet Monroe Milford following the war, “The uniform was gray (not rebel) – pantaloons had dark stripes down each side. Coat cut away, much like the U.S. Corps of Cadets at West Point fatigue, cap same color as suit – The breast of officers’ coat covered with alternate horizontal bands of black velvet and gold from the chin to the waist in the form of a shield. The officers wore epaulets…”

Zooming in on this image we see the Cadets at drill.

More detail comes from a letter from former Cadet John Cleland to President Tuttle of January 1878, “Blinn and Caven were the prime movers in the matter of organization I believe and were the chief officers…WE had what we considered & what I believe was…a fine drill and a considerable esprit de corps…We sure were able to hold our own against the militia Montgomery Guards – an old organization and frequently appeared in public with them in battalion drill.

“When the war came on us the cadets enlisted almost in a body and I think I am right in the assertion that almost every member of the Cadets who went into the Army for a longer period than 90 days (and this includes the largest portion) either went in or came out with an office. This also true of the guard and in each case it was largely the result of previous “military experience” in a peace footing.”

At the head of the column of these Cadets is John J.P. Blinn, the organizer. In the next few days I will share his story of John Blinn and that of John C. Black, two other members of the Cadets.

Beth Swift

Greek Immersion

This image is a scan of a glass plate negative of a rehearsal for the play Elektra. Performed during Commencement week of 1912, these plays, there were eight of them,  were a yearly ritual for the students of Professor Hain’s Greek classes. Daniel Dickey Hains [W1895] was one of those great alumni teachers and was very popular with his students. He replaced the much loved Zwingli McLain who had died suddenly. In the College’s history, Hains is described as a teacher of great skill and much energy.

The study of Greek had been in decline and Professor Hains was on a mission to revive it. He initiated a course to study Greek literature in translation, but even more importantly he began producing a play each year. The Greek play each year was an English translation but presented as accurately as possible.

The setting was in the east campus, about where the Martindale dormitory is now. That land forms a bit of an amphitheater setting. The sets and costumes were designed to be as accurate as possible, the glee club sang as the choruses, and some original music was composed for them. It is said that folks would come from quite a distance to see these excellent productions.

Elektra even hit the road and played several times at the Winona Lake Chautauqua in 1912. It took a mighty effort and apparently a joint effort, between Professor Hains and his wife, who made the authentic costumes. Of course the students worked hard too. Truly a turn of the last century immersion experience!

Beth Swift

Old Campus Map

This old map of campus is full of interesting tidbits…

Let’s start with the buildings shown. At the top of the map in the center is a cross-shaped building. That was the old Polytechnic Building which also served as the Hovey Museum.  About midway down the map we see the line of buildings of our historic campus. Starting from the left is South Hall, then Center with its wings, Peck Hall of Sciences (behind this building you see a small square building, the power plant about where today’s flagpole stands) and the Yandes Library. From this combination of structures we know that this map was made after Yandes opened in the early 1890s, but before the Polytechnic was razed to build the new gym and armory in the late 19teens.

Note that there is no Mall and no Chapel. These were both constructions of the 1920s. It is interesting to me that several of the sidewalks of today are remnants of the old campus as shown here.  The sidewalk that today runs from the Sparks Center and northeast at an angle is the same path as shown here.  Also the path from the northeast corner of campus through the Arboretum is the same. Lastly,  the rectangles scattered throughout the Arboretum. I believe that these denote the tennis courts of that time. There are other items sketched in here and there. I think perhaps this map was used in planning efforts to modernize the campus or master planning, as we call it today.  Whatever the reasons, this map has a lot to teach us about Old Wabash and we can learn a great deal about the campus by studying it closely.


Beth Swift

Little Giants

This was the cover for the “Little Giants” issue of the October 1924 Caveman. From this issue, “The football team has got under way, losing the first game to Purdue, defeating Monmouth by a one-sided score. At this writing Notre Dame is in the offing. The usual interest will be shown in the game of the Vaughan versus the Rockne, student versus teacher angle. Aside from this aspect, the game will be an important one.”

Pete Vaughan was a Crawfordsville High School graduate who played football at Notre Dame and was quite a star. On that team was a young Knute Rockne.  By 1924 Pete Vaughan was the football coach at Wabash and Rockne was coaching Notre Dame.

Best wishes of the season…

Beth Swift


Wabash College

The Barbs

This is a photograph of the Barb Association ca 1914, the forerunner of the Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity. This photo was taken using a rotating camera which is why the curb, which is straight, appears to bend.  This was a popular type of photograph at the time and in our reading room we have a similar photo of the entire Wabash student body of 1912.

These gentlemen are posed in front of their handsome brick house with their sign proudly hanging from the front porch. This house has other long-term Wabash connections. Located on South Washington Street, just before the train tracks, some may know it as the longtime home of retired Athletic Director Max Servies [W1958]. Built by a Wabash man in the 1850s, it was also the home of our fourth Wabash President, George Stockton Burroughs, from 1892-1899.

Lastly, I would like to point out that just over the shoulders of the men on the far right we can just see the west end of the Big Four Station, essentially the arrival and departure gate for the College. The old station was torn down and a grocery store was built. Some may remember the old A&P store there, then it was a Crawford’s grocery store.

The house is still in excellent shape and continues to stand as a witness to more than 150 years of life in this small town.


Beth Swift

The test…1956

I can tell it is approaching the end of the semester by the change in the students. They are just a little more determined as they walk across campus. They are filling the library and printing out the final copies of their papers. The discussions I hear as I come and go are mostly centered on a paper, a final or the day next week when they finish this semester. The faculty is anticipating the rush of grading and the guys are truly focused on their work. Indeed, the whole campus is holding its breath just a little. This is the time between the end of classes and the end of the semester. There is a sort of hush on the campus at this time.

This great image is from the Brigance Collection. It is a picture of Dean George Kendall with his class in the spring of 1956. Dean Kendall sits at the front of the class and the students are clearly focused on their tests. I suppose there are blue books being filled and we can see that the setting is in the Armory.  Dr. Brigance was meticulous in documenting his work and his notes say that this is from May, 1956 and titled, “Ron Grimes and Dean Kendall.”

Beth Swift